Example sentences of "[noun] [be] hold to [be] " in BNC.

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1 It is the difference between a necessary empirical shift , when reasoning is taken across to one of its presumed objects and must take the full strain of the encounter , and a deceptive ( because falsely generalized ) empiricism , in which certain kinds of attention to certain presumptively autonomous objects are held to be justified and protected by the terms of an unargued immediacy .
2 The source of the higher hazards at the youngest and oldest maternal ages are held to be , in the case of infants born to teenagers , the physiological immaturity that often characterizes very young women at the birth of their first child ; the mother 's social immaturity and inexperience with child care ; and impoverishment in respect to formal schooling and overall living conditions .
3 The way of life argument was often used against closure since schools were held to be an important aspect of local life since the loss of the teacher and the school building seemed like a sentence of death for the community .
4 In Jones [ 1981 ] Crim LR 119 , minor abrasions and a bruise were held to be actual bodily harm , though the case was thought to be on the margins .
5 Thinking is held to be an effective activity which involves mental ‘ work ’ .
6 Budget maximization is held to be both rational and necessary for survival .
7 Incidentally , though Walker is held to be still more than a touch rusty after so long away from rugby — inclined , for instance , to carry the ball under the wrong arm — the rapidity with which he has come into cap contention ought to be food for thought for our own Jamie Henderson .
8 Visual search is held to be multifaceted in nature , involving the growing regulation and interaction of children 's visual , linguistic and cognitive systems .
9 Where , however , regulation to forestall the socially damaging or self-destructive tendencies of the system or to rescue the poor is involved , state action is held to be deeply inadequate and seriously counterproductive .
10 This practice was held to be lawful in an earlier case , in which Lord Justice Woolf referred to ;
11 Whether in fact any such obligations have been created depends on the construction of the lease ; and there is nothing which requires the lease to be constructed in such a way as to avoid , if possible , the creation of such obligations ( Bradshaw v Pawley [ 1980 ] 1 WLR 10 , where liability for rent was held to be retrospective ) .
12 Indeed , in Tolson this was expressed to be the case even where the crime was held to be one requiring proof of a mental element .
13 In Jones v Livox Quarries , the plaintiff 's position on the traxcavator was held to be one of the causes of his damage , although the most obvious risk to the plaintiff was that he would fall off .
14 Frightening a woman by looking into her bedsit at eleven at night causing her to fear violence was held to be immediate despite the fact that the victim could have escaped in the time it would have taken for the accused to get to her : Smith v Chief Superintendent , Woking Police Station ( 1983 ) 76 Cr App R 234 ( DC ) .
15 English cases are few , but a threat to get back money owing to the accused falls within s.34(2) ( a ) ( i ) : Parkes [ 1973 ] Crim LR 358 ; and a threat by a person suffering from osteoarthritis to a doctor that he would shoot him unless he was given a pain- killing injection was held to be blackmail in Bevans ( 1988 ) 87 Cr App R 64 ( CA ) , a decision which extends blackmail beyond being a property offence .
16 These buckets were held to be of merchantable quality ( but see paragraph 7–22 below ) .
17 Not only are personal data not protected if a Cabinet Minister certifies that exemption is required ‘ for the purpose of safeguarding national security ’ ( a rather vague and wide catch-all phrase ) but there are other exemptions where the protection afforded by the Act is held to be ‘ likely to prejudice ’ the prevention or detection of crime , the apprehension or prosecution of offenders , or the assessment or collection of any tax or duty .
18 If the third party act is held to be a novus actus interveniens , then the defendant is not liable for any damage occurring after the act .
19 It is important to remember that if one act is held to be the sole cause of the damage and that act is one of the plaintiff , then the plaintiff will recover nothing .
20 Each of the five judgments rambles over the territory in what can only be called a head-scratching way , making it impossible for the consumer of the judgment to know at the end just what the law is held to be , except negatively , and then only negatively on a few points .
21 God 's plan is held to be comprehensive , and has been set for all time .
22 If so , Pyro has an action under the Act as personal injuries are covered by the Act ( s. 5(1) ) and none of the defences would appear to be relevant , unless Pyro is held to be contributorily negligent , when his damages would be reduced .
23 It will be recalled that , according to this theory , a stimulus is held to be fully effective only when it is able to generate the Al ( primary activation ) state in the node that constitutes its central representation .
24 Barley was not terrified of ‘ that most horrible of birds , the owl ’ , would pick up ‘ a chameleon , whose bite is held to be deadly ’ , and handled the claws of an ant-eater , believed to be potentially lethal .
25 The question is held to be one for the unrestricted discretion of the jury or magistrates who are allowed to find that even a bruise is enough .
26 Association of First Division Civil Servants ( D.C. , 1988 ) the delegation of certain functions under the Prosecution of Offences Act to non-lawyers was held to be unlawful .
27 Shelley and Partners Ltd , Mr Rose 's refusal to accept employment some 60 miles away from his home was held to be a reasonable refusal .
28 Thus , in Doughty ( 1986 ) , the crying of a 17-day-old child was held to be sufficient to fall within the requirement ( even though such an infant is not aware of the significance of what he or she is doing ) , whereas someone who loses self-control after a storm or explosion has destroyed his property would be outside the requirement .
29 Ltd. ( 1988 C.A. ) a 20-month-old Fiat was held to be unmerchantable because , unknown to the buyer , it had eight months earlier been totally submerged in water for over 24 hours and had consequently been treated as a ‘ write off ’ by its insurer .
30 Thus in Couturier v. Hastie ( 1856 H.L. ) a contract to sell a cargo of corn was held to be void because , unknown to the seller , the ship 's master had already sold it in Tunisia , as it had begun to ferment en route .
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